Every child is unique and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured. The characteristics of effective learning, ‘engagement’, ‘active learning’, ‘creative’ and ‘critical thinking’ describe the behaviors children use in order to learn effectively. These attitudes and abilities make children strong, capable, and resilient, enabling them to make good progress in all the areas of learning. Children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships. Involving parents in their children’s learning can make a crucial difference to children’s outcomes. Priority for good-quality partnerships is emphasized in the EFYS and Birth to 5 Matters . The quality of the home learning environment is an important predictor of children’s future outcomes.